Which substances and methods are prohibited?
WADA – AMA has a list of prohibited substances and methods. It actualizes this list periodically at least once a year, the actualized list normally comes in force January 1st and is available some months before in WADA – AMA’s website, and in the PAN RADO’S website too.
It is your responsability to know which substances and methods are in the list of prohibited list.
The list divides substances by those that:
1.- Are always prohibited.
2.-Are prohibited during competition periods (according to what each sport defines, but it’s usually 24 hours before the competition).
The substances that are always prohibited are (among others): hormones, anabolics, beta-2 agonists, masking agents and diuretics.
Only competition prohibited substances include, among others: stimulants, marihuana, narcotics and glucocortiroids
Also always prohibited: methods that include blood transfusions, blood manipulation or intravenous injections in some situations.
Always prohibited means that these substances are prohibited the whole year, even during training and also outside of the competition. For example: anabolic steroids that when used may have effects to improve the performance of athletes more than that obtained with training, or masked agents that can be used to hide things during doping controls.
In the other hand, the use of a prohibited substance outside of competition is not considered an infraction of anti-doping rules, unless there is evidence of said substance during the competition. To make it clear, many substances can remain in the body for a long time. If a positive result is obtained outside of competition (That wasn’t prohibited when used) and also obtained a positive result in competition for this same substance (in which is prohibited), you will get acussed of breaking anti-doping rules.